According to the rules of trichology, the head is washed as it becomes dirty. Why?
The scalp is divided into 3 types: dry, normal and oily.
These are the concepts that marketers who sell shampoos skillfully manipulate (write on labels “for dry hair, for normal hair, for daily washing”). A huge selection of shampoos and every manufacturer trying to sell their product tries to come up with comfortable phrases by which the buyer associates himself and his problem.
Shampoo is selected according to the type of scalp, and not according to the hair type. If a person has oily scalp and feels that he washed his head today, and tomorrow it is oily again, then you need to wash it. Excess of sebum blocks normal processes in the hair follicle.If a person has normal scalp, then it can be washed after 2-3 days. This is the golden mean; they can experiment with different shampoos. People with dry scalp wash their hair once a week. Is it correct?
Detailed explanation and care tips in the video!
Oh, what an informative interview with HairMed Trichologist – Baranov I.V. He explained in very simple and understandable language why seasonal hair loss occurs. Why, with the change of season winter-spring summer-autumn, this unpleasant hair loss begins!
Most people have healthy hair from birth, but external factors change their quality and destroy the structure. It is not strange, but one of the most influential external factors is the weather, which changes depending on the time of the year. In winter, hair is subjected to a series of tests. But the main reason why seasonal hair loss occurs is temperature changes and a corresponding violation of the hair structure, in which moisture compresses and expands the hair. Proper nutrition also plays a significant role. An unhealthy diet gives an incredible burden on the body. Learn more about the reasons why people seek help from trichologists. Ivan Viktorovich also warns about timely address to the trichologist, talks about cases when people are delayed with professional treatment.
LEARN HOW TO EASILY DETERMINE IF YOU HAVE HAIR LOSS!
The rate of hair loss is up to 100 pcs / day. To see 25 hairs falling out in the shower is also the norm.
The other day, a friend of mine asked for a consultation, she began to worry very much about the fact that she had found 8-10 gray hairs on her head. “After all, I’ve only 30 recently been and have already turned gray!” Well what can I say!
Of course, hardly early gray hair can please. For most, gray hair is a sign of near old age and withering of former beauty. Therefore, most begin to worry and desperately pull out gray hairs, hoping in this way to get rid of gray hair. However, gray hair should not be pulled out, since such actions can cause damage to the hair follicle or the development of dermatitis. With the problem of early gray hair, it is necessary to determine the causes of this phenomenon.
From viewpoint of trichology, early gray hair, or premature graying of hair should be talked about if the first gray hair appears earlier than 25-30 years, and by the age of 40 the hair becomes discolored. A conditional norm is considered if a single gray hair on the head is detected after 30-35 years. Usually they are hardly noticeable against the background of the total mass of normally pigmented hair. The whiskey and the front of the head begin to turn gray first; to 50-55 gray hair, as a rule, covers all hair, evenly distributed in all areas. Gray hair can start from the roots of the hair and gradually rise higher, but sometimes colored hair falls out, and gray hair grows in their place.
Gray hair formation
Before naming the causes of early gray hair and talking about ways to deal with gray hair, consider how hair color is formed in humans. Hair is made up of a protein containing a coloring substance called melanin.
Melaninis a skin pigment that is synthesized (produced) in the hair follicles. Melanin is the same in all people, regardless of what color of hair each individual person has. Hair color is determined by how much pigment (melanin) they contain. Dark brown or black hair simply contains more melanin than light brown or blond hair.
Causes of prematurely gray
Loss of melanin is largely due to genetics. Only in rare cases, the appearance of gray hair depends on other factors: lifestyle, nutrition, environmental conditions and so on. The appearance of gray hair in itself is not a medical problem, although sometimes the following conditions can lead to a reduction in melanin-producing cells:
- Stress. Contrary to popular belief, the “stress theory” of gray hair remains unconfirmed.A study by New York University (2013) showed that stress can lead to depletion of melanocytes at the base of hair follicles in mice. More reliable evidence has not yet appeared, but there is a mass of less scientific evidence to support it. For example, photographs of presidents before the inauguration and after 2-3 years.
- Thyroid disease and pituitary problems.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- A consequence of medication therapy that affects the regulation of melanin production (chemotherapy, medication for Parkinson’s disease, etc.)
- Deficiency of vitamins A, B, C; zinc, iron, copper, manganese, selenium. Vitamin B12 deficiency. If in this connection a person begins to turn gray, most likely we are talking about serious anemia. Reduction in red blood cells occurs when the intestines cannot absorb enough vitamin B12. In this case, taking the vitamin can return the pigmentation to the hair.
- Smoking.A 1996 study found that smoking could cause premature graying. It turns out that smokers are 4 times more likely to turn gray early compared to non-smokers.
Prevention of gray hair
Unfortunately, it is impossible to reverse the once launched graying mechanism. At the same time, active preventive measures can slow down the process of the appearance of early gray hair. To this end, it is necessary to avoid everything that leads to depletion of the nervous system: mental fatigue, nervous tension, strong feelings; give up bad habits, protect the scalp and hair from ultraviolet radiation and temperature extremes, eat well. Professional hair care will help prevent the appearance of early gray hair: massage of the scalp, mesotherapy of hair, PRP therapy.
Gray hair treatment
There are no special diets, dietary supplements, vitamins or proteins that could stop graying or affect this process (although some unscrupulous manufacturers claim the opposite). So far, the only medication” for gray hair is hair dye. If you encounter the problem of early gray hair, do not despair. Hair with gray hair can favorably emphasize individuality, give the image consistency and solidity. Well-groomed, early-gray hair can also look attractive, stylish and elegant.
Early gray hair – treatment in the Dnepr
Before you despair, come to us at Hairmed to consult a trichologist. If the reason for graying hair is not genetic, then we can prevent this process.
Although a daily loss of 50-100 hairs is considered normal, it happens that this process drags on and develops into a serious disease called androgenetic alopecia. What to do if you notice a thinning of the hair, and the hair hole begins to clearly take a certain shape?
The development of androgenetic alopecia
In men, such baldness begins at the age of 20, and the complete clinical picture is formed by 40-50 years. Hair thinning occurs gradually, but rapid progression also occurs. In men, produce hair hole in the region of the crown, and hair on the parietal part of the head gradually thinning. As a result, hair can only remain at the temples and the nape. Androgenic hair loss in women is not so common and manifests itself in a slightly different way. In women, the onset of the disease develops later (more than 40% of cases occur in the age group of 45-70 years).
The cause of androgenetic alopecia
Male pattern baldness is predetermined by heredity. That is why in the “nation” the disease is called simply – hereditary baldness. The male sex hormone testosterone goes into the active form of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is responsible for hair growth or male pattern baldness. If the hair is sensitive to DHT, it triggers a smooth cell death in the hair growth zone. They are thinned until they disappear forever.
Men’s hair loss
Androgenetic alopecia is not in vain called “male type”: it is the representatives of the stronger sex that it is characteristic to lose hair due to a genetic predisposition. The tendency to baldness is inherited and amplified under the influence of male hormones. Very often, androgenetic alopecia is accompanied by depression and neurosis, because for many healthy beautiful hair is a symbol of attractiveness, youth and health, and therefore their loss causes great psychological trauma.
Look at the data
- Every 5 men begins to bald at age of 20.
- By the age of 30, already a third of the entire male population has noticed their first bald patches.
- At age 40, only half of the stronger sex retain their old hair.
- By hoariness, only 20% of the lucky ones can be proud of having any hairstyle.
Is it possible to get rid of baldness?
The sooner you consult a doctor, noticing the first signs of hair loss, the higher the likelihood of their recovery. Consultation with a trichologist must necessarily be accompanied by a number of studies. It is very important to correctly identify the root causes of the appearance of baldness in order to prescribe treatment.
When diagnosing, trichoscopy (micro-video diagnostics of the hair) is performed – sometimes this is enough to determine the problem.
Treatment of hereditary baldness
There are two approaches to maintaining hair growth: therapeutic and surgical. The therapeutic approach consists in the continuous use of medications containing 5-alpha-reductase enzyme blockers. At HairMed, the trichologist will select the necessary remedies for hereditary baldness. Good results in the treatment of baldness can be achieved using specialized procedures: mesococktails, plasma therapy, micronidl therapy. These methods will allow you to keep hair growth for as many years as you continue to use medications that block the “destructive hormone.”
The surgical approach is to transplant hair from the nape to the bald area. To date, this approach is the most effective and allows you to restore hair growth in the bald area for a long period. Hair transplantation is performed by Follicular Unit Extraction or Strip Technique.
How to stop long hair loss?
First, you need to figure out what are the causes of hair loss. And the causes of hair loss are very different.
- Long hair loss
- Diffuse alopecia
- Hair loss due to anemia
So we thought that we rarely show how hair transplantation takes place by our HairMed specialists in the Dnepr and decided to correct this omission.
Who said hair transplantation is difficult?
Due to the lack of knowledge, many believe that hair transplantation is too complicated or dangerous.
Is a hair transplant dangerous?
Hair transplant surgery is safe and leaves no scars. For the hair transplant procedure, local anesthesia is used according to the methodology of Professor Akaki Tsilosani, so the patient will not have to recover for a long time after the operation.
Hair transplantation implies the transplantation of one’s own hair into bare areas of the head from donor zones (nape and side sections). The follicles existing in the donor zones are healthy and retain their properties almost until the end of human life. This is a zone of “permanent hair”. Thus, with the help of hair transplantation, hair transplantation takes place from those places where they are represented in large quantities, to those places where they are absent. After transplantation, the follicles continue to function normally and normal healthy hair grows from them.
After 8-10 months, the transplanted hair will finally gain strength, grow in length and become thicker. You will notice a larger volume, which will be proportional to the width of the hair shaft and the length of the hair.
Hair transplant results leave no doubt that hair transplant is what is needed for baldness and varying degrees of hair loss. Our surgeon Ivan Baranov in his video blog tells in detail how the hair transplant takes place in Dnepr. Hair transplant results leave no doubt that hair transplant is what is needed for baldness and varying degrees of hair loss. The complexity of a hair transplant, in particular the FUE method, lies only in the accuracy and careful attitude of the transplant surgeon and his team to the selected hair grafts.
You must have heard about keratin hair restoration. In any major beauty salon or hairdresser, this trendy service is offered. Let’s look at the pros and cons of keratin hair restoration together.
To begin with, keratin hair restoration should not be confused with hair lamination. Although hair lamination is no less popular among salon services and considered as more gentle method, this procedure has a more destructive effect on hair. Keratin hair restoration is a quick and relatively gentle way to straighten and transform curls. Hair daily looks well-groomed and healthy, as if just from the salon. Great for terribly busy ladies, but wanting to always look great.
How keratin hair restoration works?
Keratin is a protein that included in the hair. With damage, this protein is often destroyed and voids form the hairs. Because of this, the curls become brittle, weak, dull. Keratin treatment allows the fluid to get into all the hair shaft scales and retain new properties, helping to restore the desired balance in the structure.
During a salon hair restoration procedure, a keratin agent coat the hair and its components penetrate deep into the structure under the influence of heat. As a result, the locks become smooth, due to this there is an additional shine. Also, the patch cover each hair thickens them and strengthens them. After the procedure, the hair looks very attractive and quite healthy. This effect lasts for 5 to 10 weeks, gradually disappearing. After that, you must contact the salon again to carry out keratin recovery again. In this case, a cumulative effect will be observed and the result will be better and better.
However, the keratin composition does not treat hair, but only transforms them externally. And as soon as the remains are washed out of the locks, their previous state returns. Moreover, it can rarely worsen because keratin-weighted curls and hair become even weaker and may even begin to fall out. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the condition of the curls, as well as the amount of money, to understand whether the procedure for keratin hair restoration is right for you.
Hair Care after Keratin Recovery
Care after keratin hair restoration is simple. However, it is still necessary to observe some recommendations, especially at first, in order to maintain the effect for a longer period. In the first 3 days after visiting the beauty salon it is not allowed to wash your head, curl your curls and in any way change the created form with such difficulty. And this means rejection of hairpins, hairstyles with elastic bands, and it is not even advisable to lay locks behind the ears. That is, try to keep the curls perfectly straight all the time.
Hair care after keratin recovery.
In the future, wash your hair only with special sulfate-free shampoo. Otherwise, the result is fairly quickly neutralized. It is better to dye the hair before the recovery procedure. However, if you want to do this already after you should wait at least three weeks. After some time, but not earlier than after a month and a half, it will be possible to carry out a correction, which will no longer take much time and will also cost a little cheaper.
Pros and cons of keratin hair restoration
Positive results speak in favor of the procedure:
Opinion of specialists about keratin hair restoration
Specialists do not give unambiguous opinions about the profit or downsides of given procedure. Keratinization is indicated after perming or bleaching, it allows you to strengthen the hair structure. However, regular use of keratin in this format can lead to weakening of the hair follicles and their loss, due to the constant weighting due to the applied composition. It is recommended to consult a qualified trichologist before visiting the salon.
Are you correctly comb your hair
For almost all of us, combing our hair is just a procedure for untangling it. But it is not so. In the process of combing, the hair is cleaned of particles of dust and dirt. There is also a distribution of sebum, which gives the hair smoothness, shine and elasticity, prevents damage and cross-section of the hair. And besides this, combing is an excellent massage of the scalp. Therefore, combing is important not only to take time, but to do it correctly.
Choosing the Right Hair Comb
Combs, brushes and hair picks are the main tools for combing (it is better to choose among those made from natural materials). Combs made from natural materials are good for hair and pleasant for scalp. It is better not to use metal combs: the teeth of such combs are hard and can damage the scalp.
The most common variant is plastic combing tools. Such combs are durable, easy to care for, inexpensive. The main minus is that the hair is electrified with prolonged combing. You need to choose combs with blunt rounded teeth to avoid damaging the scalp. If you are the owner of long hair, you will have to buy 2 combs: a comb with wide teeth and a brush for massage. Start combing the hair from the ends, and then move to the head. After you untangle the hair along the entire length with a comb, take a massage brush – here you can already carry out from roots to ends.
With short hair (and a long bob), you can comb the hair immediately from the roots and along the entire length. Choose a brush with a wide working surface without sharp teeth.
Curly hair requires special care. As with long hair, start by untangling the ends and slowly rising to your head. For this type of hair, a comb with rare teeth is sufficient.
Comb your hair correctly
The procedure should be timed twice a day for 10 minutes. Long combing is more useful. 2-3 times to pass through the hair is not enough, because it is a head massage, and an improvement in blood circulation, and an even distribution of the secretion of the sebaceous glands along the entire length. There is a myth that you need to comb your hair at least 100 times. However, it’s important not how many times you brush your hair, but how carefully and correctly you do it. Always start from the bottom by carefully massaging your scalp with a brush. All actions during the combing should be smooth.
Do not rush to comb immediately after washing your hair. Because the scalp is well stewed and the pores are enlarged, this can lead to easy pulling of the hair from the vulnerable bulb. It is also easy to disrupt the structure of the hair: the hair is wet, they are extremely prone to stretching. The tangled hair is combed with a flat comb with rare wide teeth, previously the hair can be sprayed with a comb spray.
When combing hair of any type, you must be guided by the following principles:
- Do not make sudden movements, do not try to “break through” through the tangles and nodules.
- Alternate the movements of the comb with a hand stroking – so you evenly distribute sebum, and the hair will be shiny, strong, healthy.
- If you have no problems with pressure, comb your hair with your head tilted: you can sit on a chair and bend it between your knees down or lie on the sofa with your head dangling from the armrest. So blood will flow to the head, will go to the roots of the hair.
Comb is the same personal care item as a toothbrush. Do not give the comb to strangers. The brush and comb should be kept clean: we recommend to wash them every week with a simple soapy solution (ideally after each use). In addition to hair on the comb, dead skin particles, dirt, particles of varnish or foam, sebum are collected – all this falls onto clean hair.
Use a toothbrush or shaving brush for these purposes – this will clean the toot and bristles from dirt. After washing, wipe the comb. Our hair is lively and therefore, what is good for us is good for them. Love them, treat them with affection and tenderness, and in return, they will delight you with their rapid growth and magnificent appearance! Learn more about hair health at the consultation of a trichologist at HairMed.
The first 10 days after transplantation, we do not recommend smoking, drinking alcohol, active sports, significant physical exertion, prolonged exposure to the open sun, all that can cause excessive sweating and a sharp change in the blood supply to the head area.
Within 2-3 weeks after transplantation, you should avoid swimming in the sea, pool, visiting the sauna and other thermal procedures, as well as excessive ultraviolet exposure to direct sunlight or a solarium. 10-15 days after the operation, you can begin to engage in light sports.
Transplanted hair growth process.
About 3 weeks after transplantation, the physiological process of renewal and stressful hair loss begins, which does not affect the transplanted follicles (hair roots do not fall out). This should not scare the patient. In fact, this process would be more accurately called brittle hair. The process takes place gradually, the hair changes one after another.
The duration and intensity of this process depends on the individual characteristics of the body, the type and structure of the skin on the head, and is also determined by the “individual period of the life”. New hair from transplanted follicles begins to grow after a “rest period” within 3-6 weeks after transplantation. Hair growth occurs as before transplanting it to a new place. After graft engraftment, this process progresses naturally. After about 8-10 months, all hair in transplanted follicles is completely replaced and grows back.
Haircut for transplanted hair
After a hair transplantation, it is not recommended to cut the hair for the first 2 weeks. After the second week, a haircut can be done with scissors. Starting from the 30th day, haircuts can be done by any method. It is advisable to carry out the first haircuts at hairdressers with work experience or understanding of how to handle clients who have undergone hair transplantation.
You have completed the FUE hair transplant procedure. In the mode of your ordinary life, absolutely nothing will change, but within 3-4 weeks after the transplant, we ask you to strictly observe all our tips and tricks that will help you to properly care for transplanted grafts and prevent their damage.
The principles of hair care after transplantation are not complicated, and following our recommendations will not only reduce the time of restoration and engraftment, but also accelerate the growth of new hair in transplanted areas. In the evening, after a hair transplant, we recommend that patients avoid any physical activity and have a good rest, but in a day after the transplant, you can return to your normal life.
After the hair transplant procedure, the patient must use the medication prescribed by the transplant doctor:
- Cifran OD (prolonged) tablets, 1000 mg, antibiotic, 1 tablet, take 2 times a day on a full stomach
- Nimesil 1 sachet with a sachet in ½ half a glass of warm water. Stir. For pain. 1-2 times a day.
Hair Transplant Products
After the hair transplant procedure, specialists will teach you how to properly care for transplanted hair.
The regimen and important recommendations for the care of transplanted hair.
For 10-14 days after transplantation, do not use tight and tight-fitting hats, including knitted, woolen or any other, which can cause friction on the area of transplanted grafts or cause irritation to the scalp.
When the patient is outdoors, we recommend using a bandana, which is given to all patients in the clinic after a hair transplant. In enclosed spaces (home, office) in the first 2 weeks after transplantation, keep your head open, do not use any hats. This is very important for the rapid healing of the donor area and to eliminate the feeling of additional pressure on the area of transplanted grafts. After a hair transplant, be sure to follow a well-balanced diet with an adequate amount of protein.
Without urgent need in the first 7-10 days after surgery, it is better to avoid heavy physical work and significant physical exertion, however, working in the office, using a computer, reading is not prohibited. Try not to tilt your head forward in the first 2-3 days after transplantation, so as not to provoke the appearance of edema on the face!
What phenomena can be observed after a hair transplant
With the correct observance of all our recommendations, after a hair transplant using the FUE method, there is no swelling of the face, no infectious complications are observed, and no trace remains in the donor zone. In exceptional cases, 7-10 days after transplantation, redness, itching, slight pimples or neck tension may be observed on the scalp. Most often, such manifestations are observed in patients with a markedly oily type of scalp. In no case should this be scared, as the transplanted hair follicles activate their physiological functions, normal lymph drainage is restored after transplantation, and the process of healing and engraftment of grafts is actively going on. These are temporary phenomena and complaints that completely disappear within 2-3 weeks. Usually in such cases, patients contact us and we give them additional recommendations and advice.
Some patients have difficulties with sleeping on the first night after surgery, which may be due to stress, as well as other simple psychological factors. The lack of quality sleep in the first nights after a hair transplant is not a sign of medical problems or complications and does not require mandatory medical adjustment.
Sleep Tips After Hair Transplant.
Starting from the first day after the operation and for the next 14 days, try to sleep on your back, avoiding the area of the head in contact with transplanted hair with a pillow or other objects.
In the first few days after surgery, the patient should never lie on his side and sleep face down, which can also provoke the appearance of puffiness or injure transplanted grafts on the side of the head.
After the first shampoo (on the second or third day after surgery), patients begin to feel much more comfortable. High-quality and full sleep, in most cases, is expected 5-7 days after surgery, when the main stage of the healing process ends.
Ask a specialist
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